Guruduth (Guru) Banavar, Ph.D., is vice president and chief science officer for cognitive computing at IBM. He is responsible for advancing the next generation of cognitive technologies and solutions with IBM's global scientific ecosystem, including academia, government agencies and other partners. Most recently, he led the team responsible for creating new AI technologies and systems in the IBM Watson family, designed to augment human expertise in all industries. Previously, as chief technology officer for IBM's Smarter Cities Initiative, Banavar designed and implemented big data and analytics systems to make cities more livable and sustainable. He previously served as director of IBM Research in India, where he and his team received a presidential award for improving technology access with the Spoken Web project. He also has served on task forces such as New York Governor Cuomo’s commission to improve resilience to natural disasters. Banavar holds more than 25 patents and has published extensively, with his work featured in media outlets around the world.